Vietnamese Alphabet

E = English, V = Vietnamese, P = Pronunciation

The Vietnamese Alphabet (V = Quốc Ngữ) has 29 letters and are based on the Latin alphabet, with the absence of the letters: 'f', 'j', 'w', 'z'. The following list will show you all the letters of the Vietnamese alphabet and how to pronounce them.

Also in Vietnamese, a word is read exactly the way it is written, unlike in English, how there are silent letters.

Example

V = Xin chào
P = Sin chow
E = Hello

Unfortunately, there are a few letters that have the same pronunciation, therefore, two words can be pronounced the same way, yet have two separate meanings, like 'bear' and 'bare'. So it just takes time to get it right.

Example

V = (1) Sôi / (2) Xôi
P = Soy
E = (1) To boil / (2) Vietnamese glutinous rice 

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Vowels

A a = 'a' in ham
Ă ă = 'a' in Pat
 â = uh in huh?
E e = eh
Ê ê = air
I i = 'ee' in see
O o = 'o' in porridge
Ô ô = or
Ơ ơ = 'ur' in fur
U u = 'oo' in pool
Ư ư = eu
Y y = 'ee' in see

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Consonants

B b = 'b' in bat
C c = 'g' in gone
D d = 'z' in zebra
Đ đ = 'd' in dog
G g = 'g' in gap
H h = 'h' in hat
K k = 'g' in gone
L l = 'l' in lemon
M m = 'm' in man
N n = 'n' in nun
P p = 'p' in pop
Q q = 'g' in gone
R r = 'z' in zebra
S s = 's' in snap
T t = 't' in tip
V v = 'v' in van
X x = 's' in snap

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Common Letter Combinations


These aren't apart of the alphabet but are used a lot, to the point where they can be considered a letter in itself.

CH = (at the beginning of a word) 'ch' in chair / (at the end of a word) 'ck' in pick
GH = 'g' in gap
KH = 'c' in corn
NG and NGH = 'ng' in sing
PH = 'f' in fat
TH = 't' in time
TR = 'ch' in chair
GI = 'z' in zebra
QU = 'gw' in Gwen
UY = like the French word 'oui'

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8 Responses to “Vietnamese Alphabet”

  1. Anonymous says:

    I hope you are still checking this blog. Just want to check,

    E e = eh
    Ê ê = air

    do they actually have the same pronounciation? Because eh and air sounds alike to me.

    O o = 'o' in porridge
    Ô ô = or

    These too.

  2. Anonymous says:

    I agree with the post above, and I found these. Oh, boy.

    C c = 'g' in gone
    K k = 'g' in gone
    Q q = 'g' in gone

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  5. Anonymous says:

    Now, I am, being so far from the original post, just a chance wanderer who has stumbled upon this page. From what I gather, having learned the Southern dialect primarily, the "e" sounds are distinguished so:

    E e = the buzzer sound English speaker use when someone gets a wrong answer, without the final consonant sound. Or, the "e" in the word "trend" stretched out some.

    Ê ê = "eh" as an English speaker would use. As in, "Don't you care you are failing this course?" "Eh! Who needs it?"

  6. Anonymous says:

    or simply put, e is pronounced as in "pen" and ê is pronounced as in "hey"
    source: www.vietnameseguru.com

  7. Anonymous says:

    Hello, C c is pronounced as the c in "scarf".

  8. Anonymous says:

    "GI = 'z' in zebra" In Southern dialect it's pronounced y as in yes

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